We report on the manipulation of a plasmonic nanoantenna in an aqueous solution using an electrostatic trap created between a glass nanopipette and a substrate. By scanning a trapped gold nanosphere in the near field of a single colloidal quantum dot embedded under the substrate surface, we demonstrate about 8-fold fluorescence enhancement over a lateral full width at half maximum of about 45 nm. We analyze our results with the predictions of numerical electromagnetic simulations under consideration of the electrostatic free energy in the trap. Our approach could find applications in a number of experiments, where plasmonic effects are employed at liquid solid interfaces.
Strong plasmonic enhancement of biexciton emission: controlled coupling of a single quantum dot to a gold nanocone antenna
Korenobu Matsuzaki, Simon Vassant, Hsuan-Wei Liu, Anke Dutschke, Bjoern Hoffmann, Xuewen Chen, Silke Christiansen, Matthew R. Buck, Jennifer A. Hollingsworth, et al.
Multiexcitonic transitions and emission of several photons per excitation comprise a very attractive feature of semiconductor quantum dots for optoelectronics applications. However, these higher-order radiative processes are usually quenched in colloidal quantum dots by Auger and other nonradiative decay channels. To increase the multiexcitonic quantum efficiency, several groups have explored plasmonic enhancement, so far with moderate results. By controlled positioning of individual quantum dots in the near field of gold nanocone antennas, we enhance the radiative decay rates of monoexcitons and biexcitons by 109 and 100 folds at quantum efficiencies of 60 and 70%, respectively, in very good agreement with the outcome of numerical calculations. We discuss the implications of our work for future fundamental and applied research in nano-optics.
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