My research focuses on the development of new microscopy techniques and their application to fundamental biological questions. With the combination of interferometric scattering microscopy (iSCAT) and other techniques I aim to perform label-free visualization of subcellular processes and tracking of nanoscopic matter.
Confocal Interferometric Scattering Microscopy Reveals 3D Nanoscopic Structure and Dynamics in Live Cells
Michelle Küppers, David Albrecht, Anna D. Kashkanova, Jennifer Lühr, Vahid Sandoghdar
Bright-field light microscopy and related techniques continue to play a key role in life sciences because they provide a facile and label-free insight into biological specimen. However, lack of three-dimensional imaging and low sensitivity to nanoscopic features hamper their application in high-end quantitative studies. Here, we remedy these shortcomings by employing confocal interferometric scattering (iSCAT) microscopy. We demonstrate the performance of this label-free technique in a selection of case studies in live cells and benchmark our findings against simultaneously acquired fluorescence images. We reveal the nanometric topography of the nuclear envelope, quantify the dynamics of the endoplasmic reticulum, detect single microtubules, and map nanoscopic diffusion of clathrin-coated pits undergoing endocytosis. Furthermore, we introduce the combination of confocal and wide-field iSCAT modalities for simultaneous imaging of cellular structures and high-speed tracking of nanoscopic entities such as single SARS-CoV2 virions. Confocal iSCAT can be readily implemented as an additional contrast mechanism in existing laser scanning microscopes.
High-precision protein-tracking with interferometric scattering microscopy
Richard W. Taylor, Cornelia Holler, Reza Gholami Mahmoodabadi, Michelle Küppers, Houman Mirzaalian Dastjerdi, Vasily Zaburdaev, Alexandra Schambony, Vahid Sandoghdar
Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
The mobility of proteins and lipids within the cell, sculpted oftentimes by the organisation of the membrane, reveals a great wealth of information on the function and interaction of these molecules as well as the membrane itself. Single particle tracking has proven to be a vital tool to study the mobility of individual molecules and unravel details of their behaviour. Interferometric scattering (iSCAT) microscopy is an emerging technique well suited for visualising the diffusion of gold nanoparticle-labelled membrane proteins to a spatial and temporal resolution beyond the means of traditional fluorescent labels. We discuss the applicability of interferometric single particle tracking (iSPT) microscopy to investigate the minutia in the motion of a protein through measurements visualising the mobility of the epidermal growth factor receptor in various biological scenarios on the live cell.
Stay up-to-date with MPL’s latest research via our Newsletter.