Quantum technologies with integrated optics and pulsed light
Prof. Dr. Christine Silberhorn, University of Paderborn
Leuchs-Russell Auditorium, A.1.500, Staudtstr. 2
Photonic quantum systems, which comprise multiple optical modes as well as highly non-classical and sophisticated quantum states of light, have been investigated intensively in various theoretical proposals over the last decades. The ideas cover a large range of different applications in quantum technology, spanning from quantum communication and quantum metrology to quantum simulations and quantum computing. However, the experimental implementations require advanced setups of high complexity, which poses a considerable challenge. The successful realization of controlled quantum network structures is key for the future advancement of the field.
Here we present three differing approaches to overcome current limitations for the experimental implementation of multi-dimensional quantum networks: non-linear integrated quantum optics, pulsed temporal modes and time-multiplexing. Non-linear integrated quantum devices with multiple channels enable the combinations of different functionalities, such as sources and fast electro-optic modulations, on a single compact monolithic structure. Pulsed photon temporal modes are defined as field orthogonal superposition states, which span a high dimensional system. They occupy only a single spatial mode and thus they can be efficiently used in single-mode fibre communication networks. Finally, time-multiplexed quantum walks are a versatile tool for the implementation of a highly flexible simulation platform with dynamic control of the underlying graph structures and propagation properties.
 Kai-Hong Luo, Sebastian Brauner, Christof Eigner, Polina R. Sharapova, Raimund Ricken, Torsten Meier, Harald Herrmann and Christine Silberhorn, Sci. Adv. 5, 1451 (2019)
 Vahid Ansari, John M. Donohue, Benjamin Brecht, and Christine Silberhorn, Optica 5, 534 (2018)
 B. Brecht, Dileep V. Reddy, C. Silberhorn, M. G. Raymer, Phys. Rev. X 5, 041017, (2015)
 Thomas Nitsche, Sonja Barkhofen, Regina Kruse, Linda Sansoni, Martin Štefaňák, Aurél Gábris, Václav Potoček, Tamás Kiss, Igor Jex and Christine Silberhorn, Sci. Adv. 4, 6444 (2018)
 Andreas Schreiber, Aurel Gábris, Peter P. Rohde, Kaisa Laiho, Martin Stefanak, Vaclav Potocek, Craig Hamilton, Igor Jex, Christine Silberhorn, Science 336, 55 (2012)