The measurement of quantum signals that travel through long distances is fundamentally and technologically interesting. We present quantum-limited coherent measurements of optical signals that are sent from a satellite in geostationary Earth orbit to an optical ground station. We bound the excess noise that the quantum states could have acquired after having propagated 38,600 km through Earth's gravitational potential, as well as its turbulent atmosphere. Our results indicate that quantum communication is feasible, in principle, in such a scenario, highlighting the possibility of a global quantum key distribution network for secure communication. (C) 2017 Optical Society of America
Free-space quantum links under diverse weather conditions
D. Vasylyev, A. A. Semenov, W. Vogel, K. Guenthner, A. Thurn, O. Bayraktar, Ch. Marquardt
Free-space optical communication links are promising channels for establishing secure quantum communication. Here we study the transmission of nonclassical light through a turbulent atmospheric link under diverse weather conditions, including rain or haze. To include these effects, the theory of light transmission through atmospheric links in the elliptic-beam approximation presented by Vasylyev et al. [D. Vasylyev et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 090501 (2016)] is further generalized. It is demonstrated, with good agreement between theory and experiment, that low-intensity rain merely contributes additional deterministic losses, whereas haze also introduces additional beam deformations of the transmitted light. Based on these results, we study theoretically the transmission of quadrature squeezing and Gaussian entanglement under these weather conditions.
Quantum-polarization state tomography
Oemer Bayraktar, Marcin Swillo, Carlota Canalias, Gunnar Bjork
We propose and demonstrate a method for quantum-state tomography of qudits encoded in the quantum polarization of N-photon states. This is achieved by distributing N photons nondeterministically into three paths and their subsequent projection, which for N = 1 is equivalent to measuring the Stokes (or Pauli) operators. The statistics of the recorded N-fold coincidences determines the unknown N-photon polarization state uniquely. The proposed, fixed setup manifestly rules out any systematic measurement errors due to moving components and allows for simple switching between tomography of different states, which makes it ideal for adaptive tomography schemes.
Born 29.9.1990 in Lünen, Germany
Experimental Physicist in Quantum Optics
Research topics: quantum optics, quantum information processing, integrated photonics, quantum technologies in space
2014/03-now Doctoral student at Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light in Erlangen, Germany
01/2015-02/2016 Master student at Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden (group of Gunnar Björk)
08/2014-12/2014 Research intern at Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden (group of Gunnar Björk)
11/2013-06/2014 Student research assistant at Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Garching, Germany (group of Gerhard Rempe)
07/2013-09/2013 Research intern at Centre for Quantum Technologies in Singapore (group of Rainer Dumke)
2014-2016 Master of Science in Engineering Physics, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Sweden; Thesis: "Quantum-polarization state tomography" (with Prof. Gunnar Björk)
2013-2016 Master of Science in Condensed Matter Physics, Technische Universität München, Germany
2010-2013 Bachelor of Science in Physics, Technische Universität Dortmund, Germany; Thesis on exciton-polariton condensates (with Prof. Manfred Bayer)
2010 Abitur (final high school exam) at Gymnasium Lünen-Altlünen, Germany; final grade 1.6
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